A Healthy Lawn Needs Proper Care
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Proper Core Aeration of Lawn
- Core aeration is recommended to deal with soil compaction and the build up of thatch. Soil compaction is a problem because it decreases the availability of air and nutrients for roots.. Like us, our lawns need air. These problems will decrease effective lawn growth. Proper lawn core aeration will provide the following benefits:
- Give your lawn’s roots better aeration and availability to soil nutrients.
- Create better thatch decomposition
- Generate better microorganism development for healthier soil
- Allows for greater water penetration from sprinkler and/or rain fall
- Prevent the run-off of water, fertilizer and pesticide that is caused by too tightly compacted soil
Proper Lighting Requirements for Grasses
Bermuda…a turf grass that is both drought and heat resistant. It is a vining grass, generating runners that spread quickly to create a thick carpet when healthy. It has several varieties with various blade thicknesses. Runners will grow easily into flowerbeds unless a barrier protection is created. It requires full sun throughout the day to maintain a healthy carpet. It will begin to thin our and die easily without such continuous sunlight.
St Augustine…a vining grass as well, spreading through runners called stolons. It is heat-resistant, yet not a drought tolerant as Bermuda. St. Augustine grows well in high heat, but needs more humidity and moisture than Bermuda for healthy growth. St. Augustine is more shade tolerant than Bermuda, but still needs a good 5-7 hours of direct sunlight to thrive. Maintenance requires annual de-thatching, a proper regular mowing schedule, and a continued watchfulness for disease and insects.
Zoysiagrass…a non-vining grass that is heat, drought and walking resistant. Health zoysiagrass spreads through seeding. When properly maintained, it will creates a thick lawn that will be free of weeds.It is very shade tolerant, needing the least amount of direct sun of all grasses above. It does not do as well as vining grasses in covering worn areas such as pet digging or extreme traffic.
Proper Control of Weeds
- Most people don’t realize that weeds can germinate and grow throughout all times of the year. Weed control programs needs to be applied regularly to produce maximum results. There are two basic kinds of weed control products.
Pre-emergent- Provides protection against weeds before germination
Post emergent- Provides the killing of existing weeds which have germinated and started growing
Note: Proper weed control is achieved when the right product is applied for the right weed, at the right time.
A typical weed control program includes:
Pre-emergent- First application in early spring, (usually Feb to Mar) depending on where you live.
Note: Application of the pre-emergent should occur 30 days prior to the time that the weeds germinate. Most weed control products last 60 days (depending upon rain fall during that time).
Post-emergent- Second post-emergent application should follow after 60 days from the pre-emergent, based upon how many weeds are present. As needed, other rounds of post-emergent can be applied every 60 days for proper weed management.
Proper Nutrients & Fertilization
Cool-Season (Northern) Grasses
- Kentucky Bluegrass
- Perennial Ryegrass
Fertilize 3 - 4 times per year
Warm-Season (Southern) Grasses
- St. Augustine
Fertilize 3 - 5 times per year
- For new lawns, mix a new-lawn fertilizer into the top two inches of soil before seeding or sodding.
- After the third or fourth mowing of the lawn, apply fertilizer based upon the recommended coverage for new lawns.
- Follow the normal schedule for your particular type of grass once your new lawn gets established.
Water is obviously an important ingredient for generating a healthy lawn. However, too much water creates health and disease problems, but too little water suffocates proper growth of both vining and non-vining grasses. Setting up a proper watering schedule that consistently waters your lawn a balanced amount is key to keeping your yard green & healthy.
Most cities in the DFW metroplex have watering restrictions for almost all homeowners. It is imperative that you know the watering schedule for your home, and your sprinkler controller must be set to comply with your city's guidelines.
Find the link to your city's current restrictions below:
- Farmers Branch
- Highland Park
- North Dallas
- University Park
Recommendations for Watering Your Lawn
- See guidelines as established by Texas A&M Agricultural Extension
Mowing your lawn regularly is essential - not only to make it look good but to promote healthy growth for your yard. During the growing season, we recommend that you mow your lawn weekly, only mowing 1/3 or less of the blade. Cutting more than 1/3 of a blade can stress your grass and cause conditions where the health of your grass could possibly deteriorate over time.
Contact us today for an evaluation of your lawn care needs.